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5 Best Practices for Efficient Vacuum Excavation

In digging, numerous ways of excavation are used. Some are older methods that are more traditional in nature while others are more modern. The process of digging has improved in ease of digging, speed and safety due to the fact that drilling companies are using these new methods. An example is the vacuum excavation method that uses either water or air in the process. Here are some tips and practices for efficient vacuum excavation.

Where there is soil that is hard-packed and heavy, air is not a good choice as a vacuuming agent. In situations like that, the use of water, or hydro excavation is the best alternative. There are areas where the dig site might have loose soil, with a lot of sand and gravel, and in such places, dry or air excavation would be a wise choice. Safety wise, dry excavation is the better alternative because it will not damage older pipes and brittle electricity wires because it has no water pressure like in hydro excavation.

In the excavation process, the sizes of the vacuuming pumps to be used to store air or water should be noted in relation to the size of the trucks to be used. When the size of the pump in use matches the size of the water or air tanks, then the desired vacuum power will be realized. This means that if a lot of vacuum power is needed, then both the tank for holding air or water and the pump should be equally large. In cases where both dry and wet excavation are to be done, then larger than usual tanks are going to be needed.

While vacuuming- whether wet or dry- is generally a safer method than older traditional digging methods, proper safety considerations should be observed while digging. Training on safety measures while handling machines should be put into place. Some modern machines cannot be put to work without the necessary specialized training of the potential users. All their operators must be shown how to use them safely. There are utility pipes and power lines underground, and so workers should be conversant on how to work around them. Proper gear and clothing is a necessity for workers. Dielectric boots and hand gloves are examples.

Digging by using the vacuuming technique is a precise process. Accidents can sometimes occur in the excavation process. The wrong site can be excavated due to human error, or choosing the wrong site. Such mistakes can cause interference with electric lines and gas pipes leading to gas explosions or electrocution. By reaching out to the concerned authorities, it will help in ensuring you are digging at the correct site and you will also be given maps.

Proper maintenance of the vacuum trucks and the pumps used by the drilling company must be observed. This makes sure the machines perform according to their maximum ability. Though wear and tear is unavoidable in this situation, machines should often be monitored to be on the safe side. Regular oiling of the machines, especially the moving parts is vital. Check out all the parts like hoses, nozzles among others. Following these best practices will help ensure efficient vacuum excavation.

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